Sports Betting & International Criminal Law

The Global Lottery Monitoring System (GLMS) is an international sports betting monitoring system. It aims to detect and analyse suspicious betting activities that could question the integrity of a sport competition.

Established in 2009 as the European Lottery Monitoring System (ELMS), operations were expanded internationally in January 2015 with the organisation transitioning to the GLMS in an effort to ensure global sports integrity.


Why is there a need for global sports betting monitoring?

With the rise of technology and international broadcasting, sports betting has become increasingly mainstream. Anyone can place a bet on a sports match across borders, raising complex jurisdictional questions in the investigation of illegal betting activity.

There have been increasing instances of match-fixing worldwide, run by sophisticated transnational organised crime groups. These groups recruit a vast network to enable these activities, including people who approach and offer bribes to professional athletes to influence the result of a match.


Global reach of the GLMS

GLMS brings together national Lotteries from 29 countries.

Europe: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Iceland, Malta

The Middle East: Israel

Asia: Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, China

The Americas: Canada, Chile, Uruguay

Africa: Morocco, Senegal


What are the key activities of the GLMS?

GLMS comprises a network of sports betting operators within national lotteries, establishing a global and systematic surveillance system to detect unusual or suspicious betting patterns.

By generating and facilitating alerts, it distributes and collects information to and from the members involved in the system. All information is analysed within GLMS technical headquarters, with full time operators sending out between 70-120 alerts every month to GLMS members.


Recent Developments

On 14 November 2018, GLMS signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Europol, the European Union’s law enforcement agency. The agreement will see the two entities share information and be in constant consultation over sport competition manipulations and related organised crime investigations. GLMS and Europol will also cooperate in running joint activities and implementing relevant projects, notably in the field of education and capacity building.