Global Corruption Perceptions Index

Transparency International provides an annual Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), which ranks 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption according to experts and businesspeople.

The index uses a scale of 0-100, where 0 signifies a perception that a country is highly corrupt, and 100 signifies that a country is perceived as ‘highly clean’.

 

What is the average corruption perception around the world?

More than two-thirds of countries scored below 50 on the 2018 CPI, with an average score of just 43.

The data shows that despite some progress, most countries are failing to make significant progress in combating corruption.

 

How is Australia perceived?

In the 2018 CPI, Australia received a score of 77/100, ranking as having the 13th lowest level of perceived corruption compared to the other countries in the Index.

While this may be viewed as a ‘good score’, one element of concern is the fact that Australia achieved a score of 79 in 2015 and 2016, which dropped to 77 in 2017.

This does however appear to be part of a global trend towards a slightly increased perception of corruption amongst the top ranking countries, with some exceptions, such as Estonia.

 

Which countries were perceived as the ‘least corrupt’?

The below table shows the best performing countries in the 2018 CPI, indicating their scores from 2015-2018.

 

# Country Region 2018 2017 2016 2015
1 Denmark Western Europe & European Union 88 88 90 91
2 New Zealand Asia Pacific 87 89 90 91
3 Finland Western Europe & European Union 85 85 89 90
3 Singapore Asia Pacific 85 84 84 85
3 Sweden Western Europe & European Union 85 84 88 89
3 Switzerland Western Europe & European Union 85 85 86 86
7 Norway Western Europe & European Union 84 85 85 88
8 Netherlands Western Europe & European Union 82 82 83 84
9 Canada Americas 81 82 82 83
9 Luxembourg Western Europe & European Union 81 82 81 85
11 Germany Western Europe & European Union 80 81 81 81
11 United Kingdom Western Europe & European Union 80 82 81 81
13 Australia Asia Pacific 77 77 79 79
14 Austria Western Europe & European Union 76 75 75 76
14 Hong Kong Asia Pacific 76 77 77 75
14 Iceland Western Europe & European Union 76 77 78 79
17 Belgium Western Europe & European Union 75 75 77 77
18 Estonia Western Europe & European Union 73 71 70 70
18 Ireland Western Europe & European Union 73 74 73 75
18 Japan Asia Pacific 73 73 72 75

 

 

Which countries were perceived as the ‘most corrupt’?

The below table shows the poorest performing countries in the 2018 CPI, indicating their scores from 2015-2018.

 

# Country Region 2018 2017 2016 2015
161 Cambodia Asia Pacific 20 21 21 21
161 Democratic Republic of the Congo Sub-Saharan Africa 20 21 21 22
161 Haiti Americas 20 22 20 17
161 Turkmenistan Eastern Europe & Central Asia 20 19 22 18
165 Angola Sub-Saharan Africa 19 19 18 15
165 Chad Sub-Saharan Africa 19 20 20 22
165 Congo Sub-Saharan Africa 19 21 20 23
168 Iraq Middle East & North Africa 18 18 17 16
168 Venezuela Americas 18 18 17 17
170 Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa 17 22 20 21
170 Libya Middle East & North Africa 17 17 14 16
172 Afghanistan Asia Pacific 16 15 15 11
172 Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa 16 17 N/A N/A
172 Guinea Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa 16 17 16 17
172 Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa 16 16 14 12
176 Korea, North Asia Pacific 14 17 12 8
176 Yemen Middle East & North Africa 14 16 14 18
178 South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa 13 12 11 15
178 Syria Middle East & North Africa 13 14 13 18
180 Somalia Sub-Saharan Africa 10 9 10 8

 

 

Additional Insights

Some key additional insights were presented based on the 2018 data:

  • There is a disturbing link between corruption and the health of democracies, where countries with higher rates of corruption also have weaker democratic institutions and political rights.
  • In the last seven years, only 20 countries significantly improved their CPI scores, including Estonia, Senegal, Guyana and Côte D’Ivoire.
  • 16 countries significantly decreased their scores, including Australia, Chile, Malta, Hungary and Turkey.

 

Further information can be found on the Transparency International website.

Nyman Gibson Miralis provide expert defence in complex international corruption and bribery cases. Contact us if you require assistance.