What is extradition?
Extradition is the process by which one country apprehends and sends a person to another country to face criminal charges or serve a sentence.
The Extradition Act provides Australia’s legislative basis for extradition. It sets out a number of mandatory requirements which must be met before Australia can make or accept an extradition request. Those requirements may be supplemented by requirements contained in a multilateral or bilateral treaty.
With which countries does Australia have an extradition treaty?
Australia has bilateral extradition relationships with the following countries:
|Chile||Ireland||Norway||United Arab Emirates|
|Ecuador||Israel||Paraguay||United States of America|
What is the benefit of having an extradition treaty?
As outlined in the Manual on Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA) and Extradition, treaties are the most formal instrument available in both MLA and extradition matters. Treaties oblige the parties to cooperate with one another under international law, provided that the request falls within the terms of the treaty.
Bilateral extradition treaties between States help to provide greater clarity regarding the obligations and expectations in the extradition process. This is particularly the case when States share the same legal tradition, as the commonality found in the treaty will follow through to the domestic court process as well.
Further reading: Australia’s Bilateral Mutual Assistance Relationships